CHECK THE PRODUCTS
Farm: Cordillere del Fuego
Variety: various varieties
250 gr Whole bean :
1kg whole bean :
Notes Of A Roaster From The Underground: raspberry, cinnamon, cherry, vanilla
OMNIROAST or "absolute peak". We do not have different roasting profiles for espresso and drip brewing methods. We believe in their harmony. We underline the fact that you do not have to drink burnt coffee if you are drinking espresso or "sour" coffee if you are drinking drip coffee. Highlighting a cliche: "One day everybody will roast omni".
Before 2001 in Costa Rica, all producers delivered their cherries to large industrial cooperatives. They controlled the agricultural part of the chain, but after the harvest they lost all control over their production. After 2001, things changed. Two precursors, the finca La Candelia and the Barrantes family (Cafetalera Herbazu) built a micro mill, the first independent one in Costa Rica. They opened the way to greater independence for producers, as they were finally able to process their products themselves. Cordillera del Fuego is the name of this independent micro mill, located in the western valley, Tarrazu area. This private beneficio, managed by 2 partners, produces about 8000 bags/year. Luis Campos has been a pioneer of new coffee preparation processes. Even if today anaerobic and thermal processes are in vogue, at the time, embarking on this new path represented a major risk as this type of coffee was brand new on the market.
Luis Campos accompanies the producers in these processes in the beneficio Cordillera del Fuego for highly differentiated coffees. This represents about 25 microlots per year.
WHAT'S A THERMIQUE/THERMAL FERMENTATION?
Its name comes from the fact that the coffee begins its fermentation process by being shocked at high temperature (around 70 degrees) for a short period of time and at high pressure in order to caramelise the sugars in the mucilage. This process takes place in heat and pressure resistant stainless steel tanks. The mucilage (the pulp of the cherries), which is a residue of the fully washed and semi-washed processes, is collected by the pulper. It is mainly composed of sugars and pectic substances and is the basis of the fermentation process. This substance, also called GEL, is added to the microlot of coffee to be fermented (in addition to its own mucilage) and it is this combination of the two (mucilage + coffee) that is heated to 70 degrees. The beans then undergo a longer (84 hours) gentler fermentation period so that these caramelised aromas penetrate the heart of the bean. The result of this process reveals very specific flavours with a very particular cinnamon profile.
Coffee was planted in Costa Rica in the late 1700s, and it was the first Central American country to have a fully established coffee industry; by the 1820s, coffee was a major agricultural export with great economic significance to the population. National output was greatly increased by the completion of a main road to Puntarenas in 1846, allowing farmers to more readily bring their coffee from their farms to market in oxcarts—which remained the way most small farmers transported their coffee until the 1920s.
In 1933, the national coffee association, Icafe (Instituto del Café de Costa Rica), was established as an NGO designed to assist with the agricultural and commercial development of the Costa Rican coffee market. It is funded by a 1.5% export tax on all Costa Rican coffee, which contributes to the organization’s $7 million budget, used for scientific research into Arabica genetics and biology, plant pathology, soil and water analysis, and oversight of the national coffee industry. Among other things, Icafe exists to guarantee that contract terms for Costa Rican coffee ensure the farmer receives 80% of the FOB price (“free on board,” the point at which the ownership and price risks are transferred from the farmer/seller to the buyer).
Costa Rica contributes less than 1% of the world’s coffee production, yet it has a strong reputation for producing relatively good, if often mild quality. One way that Costa Rica has hoped to differentiate itself among coffee-growing nations is through the diversity of profiles in its growing regions, despite the country’s relatively small geographical size. Tarrazú might be the most famous of the regions: Its high altitudes contribute to its coffees’ crisp acidity. West Valley has a high percentage of Cup of Excellence winners, and grows an abundance of both the Costa Rica–specific varieties Villa Sarchi and Villa Lobos, as well as some of the more “experimental” varieties that have come here, such as SL-28 and Gesha. Tres Ríos coffee has a smooth, milder profile—perhaps more “easy drinking” with toffee sweetness and soft citrus than the more complex or dynamic Costas available. Central Valley has some of the most distinct weather patterns in the country, with well-defined wet and dry seasons: We have found some of the best natural processed coffees in this region.
In recent years, coffee producers are increasingly interested in using variety selection as another way to stand out in the competitive market: SL-28 and Gesha are becoming more common, and local varieties like Villa Sarchi (a dwarf Bourbon mutation found near the town of Sarchi) and Venesia (a Caturra mutation).
Another development that has helped Costa Rican coffee producers differentiate themselves is the proliferation of micromills, or private wet- and sometimes dry-milling facilities that individual producers or groups of smallholders will build in order to control the processing and lot separation of their coffees. By investing in equipment such as depulpers or demucilaging machines, producers can harvest, depulp, and process their coffees in a variety of ways without relying on third-party mills, which can cut down on operating costs as well as increase the asking price for coffees.
Micromills have also been at the forefront of the processing innovations that have put Costa Rican coffees in the spotlight over the past decade: Honey processing, a kind of hybrid of a washed and pulped-natural process that originated in Costa Rica, has been more and more popular and prevalent among fine, lot-separated specialty coffees, though the term “honey” and its variations will vary from mill to mill based on their techniques. At some mills, the type of honey process (typically yellow, red, or black) is achieved by removing a certain percentage of the mucilage before the coffee is dried; other mills leave 100% of the mucilage on all their honey coffees, and instead modify the drying technique to create the various honey style.
Natural processing is also rising in popularity, in part because the profile can command higher prices, and because water restrictions can make fully-washed coffees more expensive and difficult to produce.
One of the Costa Rica–specific production details is that coffee here is measured by volume, rather than weight. Each mill has a receiving area, where cherry is brought and deposited into metal boxes called cajuelas, or “trunks.” Twenty cajuelas equals roughly one fanega, which is the 100-pound unit of measure in which producer receipts are written.
When the cherry is picked ripe, the fruit is both bigger and heavier than if it is over- or underripe, which means it will take fewer cherry to fill a fanega, and will bring a higher overall price to the coffee farmer. The country produces an average of 1.8–2.2 million fanegas annually.